Selected Publications

The nineteenth-century Romantic understanding of history is often confused with the longing for the past Golden Age. In this book, the Romantic idea of Golden Age is seen from a new angle by discussing it in the context of Friedrich Schlegel’s works. Interestingly, Schlegel argued that the concept of a past Golden Age in the beginning of history was itself a product of antiquity, imagined without any historical ground.

The notions of culture and civilization are at the heart of European self-image. This book focuses on how space and spatiality contributed to defining the concepts of culture and civilization and, conversely, what kind of spatial ramifications 'culture' and 'civilization' entailed. These questions have vital importance to the understanding of this formative period of modern Europe.

I will outline the rise of Romantic Bildung in relation to the French Revolution, which was compared with a sublime natural disaster.
Travelling Notions of Culture in Early Nineteenth-Century Europe (Routledge)

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In 2014—2017, my blog was based on Jekyll, which was a logical choice because I host it on GitHub pages. Now I have moved to Hugo. This is because of Blogdown and its support for R Markdown. My earlier site was also based on Markdown. However, R Markdown enables one not only to cite program code, but to execute it. Little bit similarly as Jupyter Notebook, R Markdown makes it possible to run code on a static HTML page.



Romantic Cartographies

Most texts are spatial implying a network of important places. This was especially typical of the Romantic era (1790–1840) that was characterised by the growing interest in historical and natural sites.

Friedrich Schlegel's Philosophy of History (2007—2015)

I wrote my doctoral dissertation about the themes of the Golden Age and the Kingdom of God in Friedrich Schlegel’s (1772–1829) early thought.


Computational History and the Transformation of Public Discourse in Finland, 1640-1910, (Academy of Finland, 2016-2019).

Travelling Notions of Culture

The project Travelling Notions of Culture, funded by the Academy of Finland 2012–2016, studied the changing notions of culture by asking how spatial imagination contributed to defining the concepts of culture and civilisation in early nineteenth-century Europe.