Selected Publications

The assassination of Nikolay Bobrikov, the Governor-General of Finland, on 16 June 1904 was a turning point in Finnish history. It was reported in hundreds, if not thousands, of newspapers worldwide. This article follows the spread of that news, particularly its spread over the first week after the assassination. The study draws on the digital newspaper repositories in Australia, Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Mexico, Sweden, the Netherlands and the United States. It also draws on the microfilm and physical collections of Russian newspapers at the National Library of Finland. The article shows how the murder activated the telegram network and initiated a series of news waves. The routes the Bobrikov news travelled, their tempo and the evolution of related stories tell a story of a networked but biased global news scene. In that scene, technological, commercial and cultural factors simultaneously facilitated and controlled what stories reached which papers and how.
Media History 2019

Drawing on a new materialist approach, this article discusses the concepts of the virtual and virtual topology, and their fruitfulness for historians’ empirical work. It starts by following Gilles Deleuze’s argument that the virtual, the transformative potential of the real, has to be distinguished from the possible, which is merely an imagined double of the given world. Embracing this premise, the article shows the potential of virtual topology to shed light on the transformation of a network in the past. It suggests that history is not only about actual and stable things, it is also a site of becomings. This idea is elaborated through an analysis that focuses on the changes in the nineteenth-century Finnish press. The virtual as a theoretical concept is combined with the methodological opportunities offered by recent developments in the digital humanities, in this case, text reuse detection.
historein vol. 17(2) 2018

The nineteenth-century Romantic understanding of history is often confused with the longing for the past Golden Age. In this book, the Romantic idea of Golden Age is seen from a new angle by discussing it in the context of Friedrich Schlegel’s works. Interestingly, Schlegel argued that the concept of a past Golden Age in the beginning of history was itself a product of antiquity, imagined without any historical ground.

The notions of culture and civilization are at the heart of European self-image. This book focuses on how space and spatiality contributed to defining the concepts of culture and civilization and, conversely, what kind of spatial ramifications 'culture' and 'civilization' entailed. These questions have vital importance to the understanding of this formative period of modern Europe.

I will outline the rise of Romantic Bildung in relation to the French Revolution, which was compared with a sublime natural disaster.
Travelling Notions of Culture in Early Nineteenth-Century Europe (Routledge)

Recent Publications

More Publications

  • Spreading News in 1904: The Media Coverage of Nikolay Bobrikov’s Shooting

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  • History and Virtual Topology: The Nineteenth-Century Press as Material Flow

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  • The Birth of Homeopathy out of the Spirit of Romanticism / Literature and the Cult of Personality: Essays on Goethe and His Influence / E.T.A. Hoffmann’s Orient: Romantic Aesthetics and the German Imagination

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  • Schillers Geschichtsdenken: Die Unbegreiflichkeit der Weltgeschichte by Alexander Jakovljević (review)

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  • Book Review of Romanticism, Humanism, Judaism / Romantik, Humanismus, Judentum

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Recent & Upcoming Talks

Recent Posts

In 2014—2017, my blog was based on Jekyll, which was a logical choice because I host it on GitHub pages. Now I have moved to Hugo. This is because of Blogdown and its support for R Markdown. My earlier site was also based on Markdown. However, R Markdown enables one not only to cite program code, but to execute it. Little bit similarly as Jupyter Notebook, R Markdown makes it possible to run code on a static HTML page.



Romantic Cartographies

Most texts are spatial implying a network of important places. This was especially typical of the Romantic era (1790s–1840s) that was characterised by the growing interest in historical and natural sites.

Friedrich Schlegel's Philosophy of History (2007—2015)

I wrote my doctoral dissertation about the themes of the Golden Age and the Kingdom of God in Friedrich Schlegel’s (1772–1829) early thought.


Computational History and the Transformation of Public Discourse in Finland, 1640-1910, (Academy of Finland, 2016-2019).

Travelling Notions of Culture

The project Travelling Notions of Culture, funded by the Academy of Finland 2012–2016, studied the changing notions of culture by asking how spatial imagination contributed to defining the concepts of culture and civilisation in early nineteenth-century Europe.